National Census 2078: Male and female birth ratio widening

Prime Minister Pushpa Kamal Dahal speaks at a programme organised by the Office of the Prime Minister and Council of Ministers, National Statistics Office to unveil the national report of the National Census 2078 in Kathmandu, on Friday, March 24, 2023. Photo: RSS

KATHMANDU: The results of the National Census 2078 made public on Friday showed out of babies born in a period of one year, 52.8%are male and 47.3% are female.

According to the census, a total of 412,935 children were born within a year, of which 218,074 are male and 194,861 are female. During the 10 years of the census period, a total of 6,145,039 married women aged 15 to 49 years have given birth to 12,799,969 children.

Likewise, 12% of the total married women have not given birth to a child while the number of women who have given birth to two children is 33%. Married women who give birth to only one child are 23.1%, while women who give birth to nine or more children are 0.1%.

The national census also shows that 34.4% of the people had their first marriage between the ages of 18 and 20 years while 22.3% married for the first time between 15 and 17 years. The number of people who had their first marriage under the age of 10 years is 0.3%. Similarly, 7% of people got married for the first time between the age of 10 to 14 years. Overall, the average age at first marriage is 19 years, including 21 for men and women 18 for women.

Similarly, out of 12,976 female deaths in the reproductive age group (15 to 49 years), 653 deaths (5%) are related to pregnancy. Among them, 622 deaths (95%) are related to maternal deaths, according to the census.

According to the results, the child mortality rate is 151 (per 100,000 live births).


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