KATHMANDU: The number of investors in the solar energy project has significantly increased in recent years. It may be noted that the promotion of the solar and energy mix falls on the priority of the government in its bid to seek and promote sources of alternative energy.
The government plans to generate 15,000 megawatts of electricity in ten years and the contribution of alternative energy to such a plan is around 10 per cent. Solar power projects continue to attract investors unlike other sources of alternative energy.
The Ministry of Energy, Water Resources and Irrigation has side by side focused on the development and promotion of other primary energy sources including the hydropower projects and this concept is known as the ‘energy mix’. At the policy level, the Ministry is providing necessary facilitation for the development and expansion of solar energy.
In the initial phase, solar power was used for household electrification purposes. Its use for commercial purposes has begun lately. The solar project is getting attraction at the international level as well.
The Nepal Electricity Authority (NEA) has launched the 25-MW solar project in Nuwakot and the power generation is around 50 per cent of the capacity.
The data of the Department of Electricity Development showed that 33 solar projects have applied for the survey and their accumulated capacity is 408 MW.
The government is clear about not letting permission for operating a solar project in the arable land. The areas surroundings of the Mid-Hill Highway seems suitable for installing solar projects at a large scale. NEA has the power purchase agreement with the solar projects to purchase electricity around Rs 7 per unit.
NEA executive director Kulman Ghising said the investment cost of solar power projects is gradually decreasing. Stating that the NEA has signed power purchase agreement with some projects at the value of Rs 7 per unit, he opined that solar power plants could be installed on land unfit for cultivation.
According to the Department of Electricity Development, 16 projects have taken permission for construction. Their total production capacity is 93 megawatts. Similarly, 21 projects have acquired permission for the survey. Their combined production capacity is 568 megawatts. Nine projects have sought permission for construction. Their production capacity is 60 megawatts in total.
Likewise, 4 projects have been producing solar power. Their total production capacity is 20 megawatts. In the Kathmandu Valley, the Kathmandu Upatyaka Khanepani Management Board is operating a 0.68 megawatts capacity plant. Likewise, the Bishnupriya Solar Farm is producing one-megawatt power, the Ridi Hydropower as a grid-connected solar power project is producing 8.5 megawatts of power in Rupandehi and while Mithila Solar PV Power Project is generating 10 megawatts of power in Dhanusha.
The combined production of the projects, including those in the survey stage, those waiting for survey permission and the projects already acquiring permission for production is 1,149 megawatts.